WILD RED DOGWOOD
This hardy and attractive red-branched shrub grows wild in most of Canada. The fibrous root system stabilizes the soil anywhere it grows and the dogwood plant had many uses for native peoples.... as a tobacco substitute, as a bearberry flavour enhancer, as a dye, for basket weaving, used for arrow wood, etc. Today our native/wild dogwood is considered to be a "nuisance weed" even though it is a valuable wildlife food and bee forage plant. The dogwood roots are very effective at preventing erosion on steep slopes/ditches as well as sequestering carbon from the air to help mitigate climate change.
We find them growing in the worst soils on our farm..where little else will grow....so we are researching ways to improve the edibility of dogwood fruit for future Canadian food security. ZONE 2 and grows without human input.