FAQs

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A SEEDLING AND A GRAFTED TREE?

A seedling is a tree that has been grown from a seed. A seedling often is not true to fruit (meaning that you will not necessarily get the same quality of fruit or nut). Without graft tissue, seedling trees are usually more winter hardy, grow more vigorously and may grow into much larger trees at maturity.

A grafted tree is a tree which has been reproduced to have consistent fruit quality and a controlled tree size (a cutting or bud from the “Mother tree” is joined to a rootstock). Grafted trees will always be true to fruit producing the same high quality as the superior Mother tree.

THE TREE I WOULD LIKE TO PLANT REQUIRES A POLLINATOR, WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?

When a pollinator is required, any two seedlings or two different grafted trees of the same plant species must be planted (an apple tree will not pollinate with a pear tree).

THE TREE I WOULD LIKE TO PLANT IS SELF POLLINATING, WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?

A self pollinating tree or plant will produce fruit all on its own.

WHY DO YOU SELL YOUR TREES BAREFOOT?

Bareroot trees are dormant. They are dug out of the fields early in the spring and stored in a large cold room to keep them dormant until you plant them. Since they have not woken up yet they do not require any soil to keep them alive. Bareroot trees are light and easy to ship allowing us to send our trees all over the country and the lowest cost possible. Dormant trees have the advantage of not suffering from transplant shock as do non-dormant trees.

I NOTICED THAT YOU SELL TREES IN THE FALL. ISN'T IT RISKY TO PLANT TREES SO LATE IN THE SEASON?

We dig our trees out of the field in the fall once they have gone dormant. As long as the ground is not completely frozen they can be safely transplanted. This is essentially the same as planting a dormant tree in the spring. Since the tree is already asleep it really won't feel a thing!  

WHY DOESN'T MY TREE HAVE ANY BRANCHES?

For you tree’s first year branches have very little importance. What is important is that a good root system is established. With the absence of branches your tree can focus its energy on its roots. If it appears that your tree has been pruned to fit in the shipping box it probably has been. Do not worry; this is common in the bareroot tree industry. We would never do anything to a tree that would jeopardize its chance of survival.

MY TREES HAS A VERY SMALL ROOT SYSTEM. SHOULD I BE CONCERNED THAT IT WON'T THRIVE?

Roots come in many shapes, sizes and even colours! Some trees have very fibrous root systems. We very carefully select every tree that is shipped and would not send you anything that is ‘abnormal’ or not in optimal health (we keep those trees and plant them ourselves to see what happens, R & D!).  

I PLANTED A TREE AND IT NEVER STARTED TO GROW. WHAT SHOULD I DO?

We want all of our customers to have success with our plants and trees. Let us know and we may be able to help you succeed next time.


WHAT IS A 'ZONE'?

Plant hardiness zones help us to establish what we can grow and where. Zones are numbered from 0 (the coldest zone) to 8 (the warmest zone). If you live in zone 4b you should be able to grow anything from zone 0 to zone 4. Please use plant hardiness zone maps with caution. They are a good starting point but it is important to consider other factors when selecting plants. You may technically live in zone 4b but may have a nice little heat sink (microclimate) somewhere on your property that would bump you up to a zone 5A. Be brave. Don’t be afraid to take a chance. If Ken hadn’t started taking chances 30 years ago there wouldn’t be a Green Barn today. If you don’t try you’ll never know. 

HOW DO I FIND OUT WHAT ZONE I AM IN?

The map below clearly outlines the plant hardiness zones in Canada. Click on image to enlarge.

Credit: Government of Canada

HOW SHOULD I PROTECT MY TREE DURING THE WINTER?

Caring for your trees during the winter is easy. Protect the graft and keep the critters (rodents, rabbits, deer, etc.) away! 

Before the first snow there are two important (yet simple) things you must do.

1.    Protect the graft by either creating a mound of earth, mulch or stones around the base of the tree so that the graft is buried. The graft can be uncovered once the weather warms up in the spring. We recommend protecting the graft for at least a couple of seasons.

2.    Protect against rodents by either using a piece of foam plumbing insulation (which will also protect your graft) or a mouse guard which you can either purchase or make yourself from a piece of chicken wire.

WHEN WILL MY TREE START PRODUCING FRUIT?

In general most trees take 2 to 3 years to start producing fruit. Some species of berries and bushes will produce fruit the same year. 

I HAVE HAD A FRUIT TREE ON MY PROPERTY FOR YEARS IT NEVER GETS ANY FRUIT. WHAT SHOULD I DO?

If it produces flowers but no fruit then your tree probably needs a cross pollinator – a second variety which is different from the variety that you currently have to make fruit. 

HOW SHOULD I PREPARE MY SOIL BEFORE PLANTING MY TREES?

Unless you have extremely problematic soil (heavy wet clay) there isn’t much that you need to do in terms of soil preparation. If you do have clay you can add amendments such as compost to the surface of the soil. It may be tempting to fill your freshly dug hole with fertilizer or manure before planting your new tree but PLEASE do not put anything in the hole, you run the risk of burning its roots and killing your tree. 

I THINK MY TREE NEEDS TO BE PRUNED, WHAT DO I DO?

Every tree has its own preferred growing habits. Usually a tree is pruned for the grower’s convenience or aesthetic wishes. To learn more about the basics of pruning click here to watch our video (coming soon).

SHOULD I BE FERTILIZING MY TREES?

If your tree of plant is not producing new growth then yes fertilization may be needed. We recommend concentrated organic liquid fertilizers that can be added when watering. Putting compost on top of the ground at the base of your tree once or twice a year will help to build up your soil which will eventually remove the need for fertilization. Click here to see our line of fertilizers (coming soon). 

I JUST FINISHED PLANTING MY NEW TREES. HOW MUCH SHOULD I BE WATERING THEM?

If there is no rain you should water 2-3 times per week for the first 8 weeks after planting and then once a week for the rest of the first season. A watering can be replaced by an average rainfall. 

HOW DO I PLANT MY NEW TREES?

Fear not! Planting a tree is easy. Click here for step by step planting instructions on our Planting Advice page or view our video below.

I JUST RECEIVED MY NEW CITRUS PLANT AND I'M NOT SURE WHAT TO DO WITH IT?

Click here to follow our step by step instructions on our Planting Advice page.

HOW MUCH DOES SHIPPING COST?

Shipping charges are equal to approximately 10% of the subtotal of your your before taxes. After you have added items to your cart select 'check out' and you will be able to see how much shipping costs before finalizing your order.

Still need help? Do not hesitate to email your questions to info@greenbarnnursery.ca or give us a call at (514) 951-9757